Timor-Leste’s Veterans’ Pension Scheme: Who are the Beneficiaries and Who is Missing Out?

Since the security crisis of 2006–07, the East Timoresegovernment has increasingly relied upon cash paymentschemes to mitigate further conflict and to providea form of social security. A series of schemes haveprovided payments to different groups, including:people displaced by the crisis, the military officersthat helped inflame the crisis, the elderly and disabled,and female-headed households with school-agedchildren. By far the most significant — and expensive— scheme provides pensions to veterans of the resistancestruggle against the Indonesian occupation. Thispaper highlights who is benefiting from the veterans’pension scheme and who is missing out, and examinessome of the potential long-term ramifications.

The Concept of Political Settlement in Development Policy, and Why it’s Useful | Political Settlement: Part 1

The ‘political settlement’ concept has been around fora long time, but like any smart virus it has morphedalong the way to suit its various hosts. It appeared firstand has its widest currency in the international relationsand peace literature, where it describes a negotiatedsettlement to conflict which spells out how power isto be distributed and managed in the post-conflictstate.1 Its next relevant incarnation, for the purposesof this paper, was in the mid-1990s in the writing ofMushtaq Khan, who used the concept to challenge theexplanations offered by new institutional economics forstate failure in developing countries (Khan 1995). Don’tjust focus on the institutions, he argues, but look to thepolitical settlement.


Updated:  21 January 2022/Responsible Officer:  Bell School Marketing Team/Page Contact:  CAP Web Team