The evolving entente between the leaders of CNRT and FRETILIN, culminating in the formation of a new government in February 2015 that included a prime minister and ministers drawn from the official opposition party, has been widely – but not universally – applauded. Critics are variously uneasy that it diminishes the effectiveness of parliamentary opposition and executive accountability, and consolidates an elite bargain that could work against wider inclusion. How is the new government performing relative to its predecessors? Are the fears of the naysayers well-founded? How sustainable is this alliance over time?