While recent policies have helped to foster high levels of women’s participation in the national parliament, the fact that women remain disadvantaged vis a vis men on key social and economic indicators, and continue experience high levels of domestic violence, continues to constrain their participation in public and political life. That 60 percent of Timor-Leste’s population is under the age of 25 also highlights the importance of interventions that promote education, skills development and the participation of young people in society. It is also well-established that people with disabilities are seriously disadvantaged in Timor-Leste. To what extent are current laws and policies effectively addressing the underlying causes of social inequity? To what extent are they effectively promoting the participation of women, young people and people with disabilities in public and political life? Are these laws and policies addressing the diverse needs of urban and rural-based women and young people, and people with disabilities? Does the appointment of the new prime minister signal any change in approach?signal any change in approach?