We are investigating the effectiveness and impact of various economic empowerment initiatives for women in the Pacific. Addressing women’s economic opportunities and agency in the context of other dimensions of their lives, including their familial situation, is crucial. Approaching the task of improving women’s economic opportunities and agency in isolation can limit the overall gains in this policy area. For example, our research has shown that women are increasingly responsible for income earning without any reduction in unpaid caring and household work. To be successful, interventions intended to enhance women’s economic inclusion and empowerment need to be well-informed and carefully planned, monitored and reviewed. Through our research we are working closely with development partners to collate and assess evidence regarding the constraints and enablers of women’s economic empowerment.